Asylum seekers who have received a residence permit (permit holders) move to their own accommodation. The task of accommodating these permit holders lies with the municipalities. A permit holder moves as soon as possible after obtaining a residence permit.
Unfortunately, in most cases the municipalities currently do not have a home available immediately. For this reason, permit holders also have the opportunity to make use of accommodation with family or friends via the lodge scheme. In this way, the flow of the asylum seekers' centres can also be accelerated.
Housing by municipalities
Every six months municipalities are given a task by the government for the number of permit holders to be accommodated. On this basis, the COA links the permit holder to a municipality and the municipality starts looking for a suitable accommodation.
Permit holders move to different types of accommodation, for example a single-family home, an apartment or a two-room apartment in a village or town. For single people, a shared accommodation is also a possibility. They share certain facilities, such as the kitchen, the shower, the toilet or the living room.
Place of housing
In most cases, a permit holder comes to live in the region to which an asylum seekers' centre is linked. In some cases, a permit holder comes to live outside the region. For example, if the permit holder has a first-grade family (parents, children) or a partner in another region or if the permit holder follows a training course or has work in another municipality. Finally, a medical treatment can be a reason to house a permit holder in another region if this treatment cannot take place anywhere else.
Acceptance of the house
The permit holder is obliged to accept the offer of a house by the municipality. This also applies to temporary non-regular living space via the municipal acceleration scheme. The right to reception ends after obtaining the residence permit.
The COA takes care of the guidance and education of the permit holders as long as they live in an asylum seekers' centre. They are offered a programme that consists of lessons about the Dutch society, language lessons and individual conversations.